Ravel was a French composer, perhaps best known for his orchestral work, Bolero. Ravel was born in Ciboure, France close to the border with Spain, in 1875.
Ravel began work with Diaghliev during 1909 for the ballet Daphnis et Chloe commissioned by Diaghilev with the lead danced by Nijinsky. Daphnis et Chloé took three years to complete, with conflicts constantly arising among the principal artists, including Leon Bakst (sets and costumes), Michel Fokine (libretto), and Ravel (music). In frustration, Diaghilev nearly cancelled the project. The ballet had an unenthusiastic reception and lasted only two performances, only to be revived to acclaim a year later. Stravinsky called Daphnis et Chloé "one of the most beautiful products of all French music". So exhausting was the effort to score the ballet that Ravel's health deteriorated, soon forcing him to rest for several months.
Le Tombeau de Couperin is a modern ballet choreographed by New York City Ballet's co-founder George Balanchine to Maurice Ravel's 1919 music of the same title and orchestrated by the composer 1920. The premiere took place as part of New York City Ballet's Ravel Festival held on May 29, 1975, in the New York State Theater in Lincoln Center.
The Dying Swan (originally The Swan) is a ballet choreographed by Mikhail Fokine in 1905 to Camille Saint-Saëns's cello solo Le Cygne from Le Carnaval des Animaux as a pièce d'occasion for the ballerina Anna Pavlova.
The short ballet follows the last moments in the life of a swan, and was first presented in St. Petersburg, Russia in 1905.
Inspired by swans that Pavlova had seen in public parks and Alfred, Lord Tennyson's poem "The Dying Swan", Anna Pavlova asked Michel Fokine, who had also read the poem, to create a solo ballet for her for a 1905 concert being given by artists from the chorus of the Imperial Mariinsky Opera.
Eglevsky was born in
In 1937, he came to America and became premier danseur of Balanchine's American Ballet, performing at Radio City Music Hall and on Broadway. In 1939, he joined Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo and was the star of the American Ballet Theatre until 1946. He also danced as a guest star with Léonide Massine's Ballet Russe Highlights in 1944 and 1945. He became premier danseur of the Grand Ballet de Monte Carlo in 1947 touring the states. For the following four years he danced with the Ballet Theatre now ABT.
In 1946, Eglevsky rejoined Col. de Basil, now director of the Original Ballet Russe, and a year later became premier danseur of Marquis George de Cuevas' Grand Ballet de Monte Carlo. From 1951 to 1958 he was a principal with the New York City Ballet. Upon his retirement in 1958, Eglevsky and his wife established a school and small performing group in Massapequa, N.Y., in 1961, which grew into the Eglevsky Ballet Company that survived him. The Eglevsky Ballet is currently engaged in an exciting transformation under its' current acting director, Marina Eglevsky.
Mikhail Mordkin was one of two of the male stars of Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1909. Mordkin was trained at the Bolshoi, in
Mikhail Mordkin was among the first Russian dancers to perform outside Russia. At the invitation of Kaiser Wilhelm he organized a short season in Berlin in the summer of 1908, even before Diaghilev's company opened its first season in Paris.
He joined Diaghilev for the 1909
From among his students in
Markova was born Lilian Alicia Marks on December 1, 1910. Her family lived in a two bedroom flat in the At the age of 13, Markova was observed in class by Diaghilev who was visiting In 1935, Markova and Dolin left the Sadler Wells ballet to form their own touring company known as the Markova-Dolin Company. The company toured extensively for two seasons. Later in 1938 Markova joined the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, touring the world as the company’s star ballerina. The company was the first to tour ballet throughout the Alicia was the first British dancer to become the Principal Ballerina of a ballet company, the first British dancer to be bestowed the title of Prima Ballerina Assoluta and is widley considered to be one of the greatest classical ballet dancers in history. She was a founder dancer of today's The Royal Ballet and was co-founder of the English National Ballet, a leading European ballet company based in
Markova was born Lilian Alicia Marks on December 1, 1910. Her family lived in a two bedroom flat in the
At the age of 13, Markova was observed in class by Diaghilev who was visiting
In 1935, Markova and Dolin left the Sadler Wells ballet to form their own touring company known as the Markova-Dolin Company. The company toured extensively for two seasons. Later in 1938 Markova joined the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, touring the world as the company’s star ballerina. The company was the first to tour ballet throughout the
Alicia was the first British dancer to become the Principal Ballerina of a ballet company, the first British dancer to be bestowed the title of Prima Ballerina Assoluta and is widley considered to be one of the greatest classical ballet dancers in history. She was a founder dancer of today's The Royal Ballet and was co-founder of the English National Ballet, a leading European ballet company based in
Olga was probably the best loved ballerina of the Russian Imperial Ballet. Olga was born in Saint Petersburg. In 1879, she joined the Imperial Ballet School, where her teachers were Nicholas Legat, Enrico Cecchetti, and Christian Johansson. After 10 years of intensive training, she moved to the Mariinsky Theatre, where she would work for the next quarter a century. In 1900, she earned the title prima ballerina.
After the Russian Revolution, Olga Preobrajenska dedicated her life to teaching new generations of dancers, first in Petrograd, then in Paris from 1918. Every major mid-20th-century Western dancer visited Olga Preobrajenska for lessons. Tamara Toumanova, Margot Fonteyn, Irina Baronova, Gillian Lynne and Vladimir Dokoudovsky were among the many dancers she coached, and through her students, the Preobrajenska method was soon disseminated in some of the top ballet academies of Europe and New York. The Preobrajenska Method emphasized purity and elegance of movement.
Olga Preobrajenska died in France on December 27, 1962 and was interred in the Cimetière de Montmartre in Paris.
Henri Matisse December 31, 1869 - November 3, 1954
Henri Matisse was born in Le Cateau-Cambrésis,
Due to the decline of the Fauvist movement, after 1906, Matisse became an active part of the great gathering of artistic talent in
Matisse’s style of art during the post-World War I period, can be compared with the neoclassicism of Picasso and Stravinsky, and the return to traditionalism of Derain. Derain, Picasso and Stravinsky were all friends of his who he worked with on several Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo projects.
Born December 17, 1919 Sonia was educated at the Lycee Jules Ferrier school in
Sonia joined Mme. Egorova’s “Ballet de la Jeunesse” at 14 years of age. She later became a soloist with the Original Ballet Russse in 1938. Sonia first came to the
Serge Lifar was born in
Two of Lifar's greatest achievements as a dancer in Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes were in Balanchine's Apollo and The Prodigal Son. After Diaghilev's death in 1929, Lifar became Premier Danseur of the Paris Opera Ballet. By 1933, he had become Paris Opera’s Ballet’s Director and Professor of Dance, helping it to regain its reputation which had declined post Victorian era. In 1939, Lifar joined the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo where again, he partnered with Alicia Markova at
Lifar held the position of Director at the Paris Opera Ballet for 20 years, creating the majority of the choreography and dancing most of the leading roles himself. Although Lifar was mostly Cecchetti trained, he replaced the Italian technique at Paris Opera Ballet with the Russian Vaganova training he had received while studying with Bronislava Nijinska.
Mathilde was born in
She was the first Russian Aurora and the first Russian dancer to perform the 32 fouettés in
David's real name was David Liechtenstein. He was born in Rostov-on-Don, U.S.S.R., and he studied dance in
David Lichine danced with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo from 1932 to 1945. He danced roles in George Balanchine's Cotillion and Le Bourgeois, Leonide Massine's Jeux d'enfants, Le beau
Lichine started choreographing in 1933. His wife was Tatiana Riabouchinska, whom he was partnered with in most of his ballets. Tatiana was one of the three original "Baby Ballerinas". Together, Riabouchinska and Lichine had one daughter, Tanica Lichine. His many ballets included Francesca in 1937, Prodigal Son in 1938 and Graduation Ball in 1940.
Lichine and Tatiana Riabouchinska joined Ballet Theatre, now ABT, in 1941. When Mikhail Fokine died in 1942, Lichine finished his ballet Helen of Troy. In 1943, Lichine and Riabouchinska moved to
Miro was a Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor and ceramist born in